How to Write a Functional Resume in the Easiest Way

Resume Writing Tips
July 14, 2018

How to Write a Functional Resume in the Easiest Way

how to write a functional resume

A resume is an essential document for anyone who is seeking a job in any field of work. Its importance lies in the fact that it is a compilation of all the qualifications and work experiences of an individual. It acts as a mirror of the individual, in which his/her skills, capabilities and work history reflects. A resume is responsible for the creation of the first impression on the minds of the recruiter.

Since the recruiters have to go through numerous resumes throughout the recruitment process, they prefer to peruse less complicated and to the point resumes; specifically, a resume that will enumerate the details of the individual at a mere glance.

Again different recruiters prefer different types of resumes depending on the job profile offered; while some are content with the reverse chronological resume, others prefer the functional resume, to understand the skills and achievements of the applicant. A lot of company officials prefers the functional resume as it discusses the experiences and capabilities of the applicant highlighting the required skills in a non-chronological manner. Being one of the most desired formats of resume, one looking out for a job needs to most definitely learn how to write a functional resume in the easiest way possible.

A functional resume is primarily for those who are looking for a change from their current employment and seeking a shift in their career. There are individuals, who for some reason or other have had to have a break in their career, it is for people like them that the functional resume is the best as it does not highlight the chronological aspect of one’s work experience. Since the dates of employment are not of much consequence here, it becomes easier for job seekers such as those mentioned above to bring into notice their unique skills, suited to the job being offered. However, one should first know how to write a functional resume in the easiest way, to be able to put their best self forward.

When beginning to compose, it is crucial to remember that a functional resume should not exceed a single page; which means that the entire contents defining the abilities should be contained in not more than one page. Hence making it very clear that no unnecessary or irrelevant details are to be included in it; one should keep it crisp, precise and to the point wherein the key skills get highlighted. The length of a functional is quite varied from the other resume formats available: for both the Chronological as well as the Combination format, the length can extend up to three pages. The professional field and volume of experience of an individual is the determinant factor of how long your resume ought to be.

The resume of a functional category begins with the section where you give a short description of the kind of job you are looking for, under the heading of ‘Job Objective.’ Following this is the segment ‘Profile Summary,’ it contains the overall attributes of the applicant, which are suited for the position being offered. In not more than three to four sentences, one should be able to give enough hints to the recruiter that would win him/her a favorable response; this is applicable for all types of candidates – freshers as also the experienced people.  The next segment that one should dedicate to is called ‘Work Experience’; in case this is you are going to use this for your first job then you can straight away go to the next segment which is the highlight of this type of resume – ‘Core Competencies’ or ‘Key Skills.’ However, if you have any experience already, then the ‘Key skill’ section merges with the ‘Work Experience.’ This is a unique feature of a functional resume wherein; each skill is exhibited by describing the kind of work that one had to undertake, one at a time. Along with this, one could express the lesson that was learned in the process. It is wise to place one’s most alluring skill at the top so that it can draw the attention of the recruiter instantly.

Unlike the other types of resumes in which the ‘Work History’ or ‘Professional Profile’ comes towards the beginning of the resume, in a functional resume, it comes towards the end. This is because no one wants to make the gap in employment prominent in the eyes of the recruiters. It is this history of one’s professional life of the past that forms the next section in the resume; the style of the reverse chronological resume, i,e, listing the jobs starting with the latest and gradually enumerating till the oldest.  Keeping in mind, what kind of impact a resume has on the decision-making process of the recruiter is helpful. When considering a functional resume, the recruiter will be looking for certain specific words and phrases which describe the skill they are looking for. Hence, it becomes only logical to learn how to write a functional resume in the easiest way, so that the recruiter can merely skim through the document and identify the particular traits they are on the lookout for, suiting their requirements.

The qualifications of the individual form the next segment for the resume, followed by the final section which contains any ‘Additional Skill’ that one may possess that would be beneficial for the post that is being offered. One trick to writing a functional resume in the best way possible is to go through the job description very intently and carefully; this is sure to help you recognize the cues given by the recruiters for the job applicants. This method makes the work simpler for one while composing a resume of this kind. Once it is clear what skills they are considering for the position concerned, it acts as a filter for the one creating the resume. It becomes convenient to streamline the capabilities of the individual and bring to notice only those which are suited most aptly for the position in question.

The quickest way to convey the skills and abilities to any recruiter is present to them a summary of the same; this is known as the resume summary statement. This summary contains, as mentioned above detailed description of the required skills and how they had been put to use in the past to fulfill specific given responsibilities, along with a brief list of the experiences that one may have acquired at various workplaces.

One other thing that should not be forgotten at any point of time while constructing a resume of the functional type is that this does contain a section that enumerates the work history of the individual; however, the uniqueness of it lies in the fact that the dates of the various employments are not mentioned. All this is stated under the title tag of ‘Experience.’ This is mentioned towards the end of the functional resume so that it does not take away the emphasis of the key skills of the particular applicant.

A functional resume is quite varied from its conventional or traditional counter-part; the chronological resume. A Chronological or Traditional resume focuses on the time limit that one has devoted to a particular experience in one’s career, and the experiences are arranged in the series in which they have occurred. There exists yet another format of this chronological format of resume known as the Reverse Chronological resume, in which the dates are listed but in the reverse order, which means that the place one is currently employed in, is the one that heads the list of experiences. The functional format of the resume, as mentioned above emphasizes the kind of skills one has that is appropriate for the functioning of the position put up for grabs.

A person with an extensive work history should opt for the chronological for of the resume, but surely that has to have some relation to the job presently being pursued. And undoubtedly a functional resume is aptly suited to showcase this experience, in the easiest and quickest way.

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